Hamlet, or The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, is a tragedy by William Shakespeare probably written between 1599 and 1602. It is Shakespeare's longest play, and certainly one of the most famous works in world literature. It tells the story of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, who wants to avenge his father's death.
After the death of the King of Denmark, his brother Claudius succeeded him on the throne and married the widow of the deceased. Hamlet, son of the dead king, sees the ghost of his father appear to him to reveal that he was murdered by Claudius. Hamlet then decides to avenge his father's death, and although he tries to hide his intentions by pretending madness, Claudius suspects the plot, which will lead to a tragic end for everyone.