Mark Twain (real name Samuel Langhorne Clemens) was an American writer and essayist, born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri and died on April 21, 1910 in Redding, Connecticut. Twain was very successful as one of the first American authors to write in an everyday language. He is considered as one of the founders of an American literature that differentiates itself among the English-speaking literature.
After losing his father at an early age, Mark Twain travelled to many places in the United States and experimented with various jobs, especially working as a journalist. As a reporter in San Francisco, he had the opportunity to discover Europe and Polynesia. He became famous in 1876 with the great success of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, published in 1884, is considered by many to be one of the most important novels in American literature.